Dystonia is called a multi symptomatic syndrome that covers a whole complex of systems of the human body. The dystonia definition is based on neurological, cardiological, vascular, and psychological disorders. The dystonia symptoms can also occur in childhood with hormonal changes and serious lesions of the central nervous system, after infections, due to alcohol addiction. The symptoms of dystonia in adults and children are practically the same.
Causes and mechanism of action
Among the risk factors for dystonia, the following are usually distinguished and have the most powerful effect:
- malfunctions of the body (endocrine disorders, pregnancy, menopause, etc.);
- consequences previous infections, injuries, as well as the presence of chronic diseases;
- bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol, etc.);
- emotional overload, stress, etc.
Types of dystonia
Before diagnosing dystonia, the doctor must understand the peculiarities of the patient’s individual symptoms. The disease is usually divided into three types:
This type defines dystonia as a disease with periodic pressure jumps, symptoms of dystonia for this form may be increased sweating, anxiety, chills of the extremities, palpitations, and visualized pulsation of large blood vessels (for example, carpal or popliteal);
It is characterized by a decrease in blood pressure, in this case, the symptoms of dystonia include shortness of breath, nausea, headache, general weakness, the tendency to fainting, cold toes and hands;
The mixed type
What is dystonia mixed type? It is characterized by periodic fluctuations in blood pressure. Here, the symptoms of dystonia are usually considered general signs of fatigue, a feeling of lack of air, as well as interruptions in the work of the heart.
If a patient suspects dystonia symptoms, the doctor usually prescribes a comprehensive examination due to the variety of symptoms to find the dystonia meaning. Only this approach helps to understand in detail the causes of the disease and the methods of dystonia treatment.
It is not difficult to diagnose the disease. If a person is constantly exposed to stress, is in an eternal rush, does not get enough sleep, rests little, abuses alcohol, often suffers from infectious diseases, and against this background, the described dystonia symptoms appear.
If dystonia is suspected, the patient undergoes consultations with a neurologist, endocrinologist, and cardiologist.
Treatment and prognosis
To detect health problems that dystonia causes the patient takes proper treatment. It is carried out under the supervision of doctors of the following specializations: therapist, neurologist, endocrinologist. The dystonia treatment prescriptions will depend on the predominant symptoms of the disease.
A significant role in this is played by lifestyle correction, which includes the normalization of the work regime, the elimination of physical inactivity, the provision of daily dosed physical activity, the limitation of excessive emotional influences, and proper nutrition.
The use of drug treatment
If restorative and physiotherapeutic measures are insufficient for effective treatment of dystonia, the specialist individually selects drug therapy, which may include sedatives, beta-blockers, and vitamin-mineral complexes.
Timely detection, proper treatment, and consistent prevention of dystonia lead to the disappearance or significant reduction of the main manifestations of the disease (in 80-90% of cases).